Our planet is inhabited by amazing representatives of the fauna, each of which has all its unique qualities. We know a lot about them: for example, koala does not drink water, cats see well in the dark, and the dolphin is almost human intelligence. And what do we know about fish, except used to eat there, and see all inedible and even poisonous?
In this article, we will tell you about the amazing inhabitants of underwater measurement, having wings: their life in-depth, and habits about what fish eat, depending on the environment in which they live.
As it seems at first glance you will discover the unknown world of the underwater kingdom, where not everything is so calm and peaceful. For example, fish live in water, eating fish and small animals. There are also Euryphagic-birds and animals that are not against eating freshly caught dishes.
Each to their own menu:
By the nature of fish behavior and eating habits are divided mainly on violent and peaceful. Violent – This is a fish-eating fish, and only occasionally used a different food. They pose a serious threat to fish-herbivores, especially those of small size.
Shanti, in turn, are herbivores and plankton. Basically, it is fish that eat algae.
Vegetarians especially consume plant plankton, in other words – floating algae. Benthophages – A fish that feeds algae that grow at depth (called phytobenthos) and organic particles. Planktophages prefer zooplankton and are not against unicellular organisms that inhabit the river.
In addition, there are omnivorous Euryphagic – fish that feed on fish, algae and small invertebrates. Their menu is the most diverse.
Looking at the river, we do not know how all kinds of living beings live under the very water surface. Each region has its own “set” characteristic of freshwater fish. For example, in the rivers on the territory of Russia, such representatives are found as Beach, Carp, Des, Roach, Sturgeon, Trout, Whitefish, Grayling.
It can also be found in Russian waters: smelting, pike, carp, bream, chub. In addition, there are many anglers beloved by carp, fishes, carp, roach, rood tench, catfish, burbot, perch. And this is not a complete list of all types.
Feeding fish on fish:
Feed on fish in the river? Each of them has its own diet. River dwellers menus depend on many factors: type of bottom (sand or rocks), seaweed, and even time of year. Classic hunters start with fish, which are involved in eating fish. This brush, sturgeon, trout, pike, catfish, fish, river perch. Consider themThe The Beach family belongs to Okuneva and looks very similar to the roost. This predatory schooling eats fish that Roach and Rudd fry. Do not hesitate to take small fishes and ruffs.
Sturgeon is from the family of the same name. This is an aggressive hunter that can enjoy the main menu for food and the “bite” frog. A large number
of river sturgeon occurs only when they spawn. These migratory fish predators not only eat in freshwater but also salt. Loach – A very large representative of the salmon family, which is considered a predator because it is very fond of fish caviar, rubbing it in large quantities, thereby reducing their population to frightening proportions. Trout preys on salmon fry too. Pike – The only representative of a family of the same name. This is a very aggressive, gourmet, violent person. Ration includes its food carp and such Yoshi as roach. In addition, Pike “victimized” cannibalism: these fish are predator eat small representatives of their kind. A pike and small mammal (eg, mouse) can diversify the menu, occurring in water. Also, pike prey can become small aquatic birds and their young.
Some over his eating habits, similar to the family’s catfish pike. It eats small fish, and waterfowl can attack chicks. Larger representatives hunt larger birds, as well as being able to take water off a small dog or a calf. There are cases when catfish attack pigeons that inadvertently have grain beaks on the water’s edge. “Greed” due to the fact that it only feeds in hot weather, and in winter hunger. Burbot order belongs to COD. These fish are hunted for prey at night, and eat not only fish, including juveniles like themselves, but also decaying animals and frogs.
The river perch is both predator and prey. It eats small fish and is itself food for pike and zander.
Algae and plant plankton are a harmless fish that feeds detritus – citizens in the depths of the river. Phytoplankton – A small plant organism, which inhabits a large number of ponds and is transported through the river.
Often, plant plankton is not with the naked eye, so people do not owe this one value. Many of us are also aware of these micro-organisms, and yet they are not – what constitutes the overriding herbivores that eat fish in the river. This is especially true of species such as grass carp, silver carp, and tench. We learn more about them:
Cupid – the “core” of the carp family. It feeds exclusively on eating vegetables: soil, various algae, and reeds. They can also use terrestrial plants submerged during river floods.
Carp belongs to the same family as carp and prefers micro-algae and detritus. Carp mouth – a type of “filter device”, thanks to this fish green water filter, which as a kind of river cleaning.
Lin – Many prefer to live near sedimentary fish floors or in kelp forests. More than 60% of its diet consists of algae.
What to eat fish:
It is interesting to note that almost all the owners of the feather, the peaceful vegetarian or the carnivorous in the period of active development, are carnivorous omnivores. Feed on fish in the river, which are classified as euryphages? The answer is simple: almost everything that gets in their mouths. This small river plankton, crustaceans, mollusks, protozoa, and even insects! This is especially true of young animals. Calorie diet – This is an important element, in which fish needs are getting bigger.
Eats insects, “young” do not necessarily become predators, and those who eat algae fry do not always become vegetarians. However, there are some fish that maintain “carnivores” throughout life: Elec – The “core” of the carp family. I eat invertebrates living on the floor, as well as vegetation and insects. The Ruff family belongs to Okuneva. He was incredibly greedy and eats constantly. The staple diet of a type of fish – invertebrates, insects and their larvae, small snails, caviar and some species of algae.Grayling – Representative of the family of the same name. As a type of fish, it feeds on zooplankton, insects, spawning caviar. Smelting – is carnivorous fish, which does not deviate from any food like eggs and other fish, algae, fry of benthic organisms.
Carp – is a large euryphage carp family. If he does not have the stomach, then his hunger never cools. This eats fish snails, insect larvae, zooplankton, living in the mud below. Bream is different from most fish opening small mouths. This material, because of its physical characteristics, is unable to absorb large food, such material with small insects and insects. Asp belongs to the carp family. The young worm of this fish, zooplankton, feeds on small crustaceans. Mature individuals are going to use a “violent” diet. Surprisingly on the same ASP, it does not have teeth hit the tail and earn its small fish. He does not shrink, and large insects, such as butterflies, beetles, dragonflies.
Karas – one of the more representative of fish euryphages. Their food is crustaceans, insect larvae, mollusks, mud, algae, benthic plankton, duckweed. Spindle – A typical example of benthophages. It feeds on zooplankton, small insects and mollusks, as well as various fish caviar. Rudd – A fish of the carp family. This is a type of “litmus test” to determine the quality of water – Rudds remain in clean water. Her menu consists of young shoots of various aquatic plants, insects and their larvae and snail eggs, which is on this fish lily pad. Roach – This simple edible fish of the carp family that eats small crustaceans and leeches, dragonfly larvae, bloodworms, algae, and seeds.
Food habits of lake residents:
Do not forget that apart from rivers and lakes there is more underwater that is also home to all kinds of creatures: snails, frogs, crayfish. Ozyornaya fish feed on small crustaceans in such reservoirs: sturgeon, carp, grass carp, tench, perch, rainbow, carp, roach, whitefish, and IDE.
In the fish living lake, there is a different diet from the river. This is due to the special microclimate of water. Whitefish differ from the lake by the fact that most of their diets contain 60% of plant plankton and algae, like their predatory eating river predatory fish.
The largest and most gourmet Ozyornaya fish feed on small crustaceans, plant plankton, and zooplankton – a carp. Like her river “brother”, she never eats, because it is a fish without a belly. In addition, a large number of small crustacean bream is eating.
Inhabitants of the salty sea:
The deep sea is replete with all kinds of representatives of creatures, especially fish. Like the river, they are peaceful and violent. Feed on fish in the sea? Due to the fact that it is more densely populated by various organisms, the menu in the sea cold is more diverse than their river “relatives.”
The most common sea “cousin” river wings lead a relatively peaceful way of life – mullet, herring, mullet, red mullet, and roach. Why “about”? Because these fish eat algae, sometimes they can eat like themselves.
The menu contrasted with the peaceful inhabitants of aggressive fish, the depth of the sea, more diverse. Does fish feed on marine predators? It is interesting to know that a small predator with fins may well diet larger carnivorous fish. The most common of the region is mackerel, salmon, catfish, flounder, halibut, mackerel, salmon, tuna, cod, and perch.
Diet for a peaceful saltwater fish:
The mullet family belongs to mullets. It is a valuable edible fish of medium size, which feeds dentritom, shellfish, and seaweed, hence is considered a land reclamation sea. Herring – “eaten” by all. His love is birds, sea animals, and us – people. It feeds on small crustaceans and zooplankton. Big fish can engage in representative cannibalism, eating young of their own kind.
Mullet is considered one of the most delicious fish. Their food (zooplankton and dentro), digs it out of the sediments below. Fish with a strange name Mullet feed on small benthic creatures, using their antennae for food fumbles. Rama – One of the favorite hunting anglers. This leads to demersal lifestyles and eats small snails and zooplankton.
Saltwater predators food:
Mackerel – This is one of the most popular fish consumed by man. This predator-euryphage, which feeds both plankton and like-minded small.
Pink Salmon – One of the most important fishing representatives of this salmon family. In some countries, this fish is called “Russian salmon”. Its diet consists of snails, and small fishes, crustaceans and fry.Catfish, preferring cold water, live at a fairly great depth. Thanks to its well-developed jaw menu are very flexible. Catfish eat crabs, clams, sea urchins, shrimp, starfish, and jellyfish occasionally. Disdain catfish and fish, which are far superior in size. The flounder is unique because of its unusual appearance. This flat leads to female demersal lifestyles and preys on small fish and crustaceans, attacking them from their sandy refuge. Halibut is a family of flattened fish and is operated by flounder itself. The choice is given to capelin and pollock.
Mackerel – A fast hunter. It becomes a prey fish in the form of anchovy, red mullet and mullet. He does not give up on his own teenagers. In return, the horse mackerel – a favorite food for the dolphin.
Salmon – most favorite fish. It is widely used in cooking in the kitchens of the world. In the sea, salmon feed on herring, tot, galanga, herring, and crustaceans. The tuna belongs to the family Scombridae and is the most valuable commercial fish. It feeds on cephalopods, and small fish and some types of squid and shrimp. Cod and walleye do not differ in their eating habits from the above associates.
Menu aquarium migrants:
A fashion trend in the aquarium to organize the simulation of the deep sea. To do this, the aquarium is decorated with corals, anemone and introduced to exotic fish from the sea and oceans. Because many inhabitants of the pseudo-sea behind the glass can destroy each other according to the characteristics of the food – find the right “company”, an ignorant person is unlikely to be able to. Aggressive fish predators will always hunt for peaceful herbivores – this should be kept in mind when choosing a color “residents” with feathers. Particular attention should be paid to what fed fish in the sea. The most popular carnivorous aquarium “foreign tourists” – a circle, astronauts, piranha, eel, lionfish, Apistogramma, yellow.
In the aquarium, the peaceful inhabitants of the sea can live clownfish, dwarf gourami, angelfish, neon, minors, tetras.
In the sea or ocean – you decide to arrange in your own house in the underwater world, it is necessary to find out whether the inhabitants are aquarium fed at home. Predators like yellow food snails and small crustaceans, and also not against to hunt for small fish. Stick with them and the other cichlids, and Astronotus and Piranha.
But algae – what does this fish feed the clown. As well as most of the other peaceful aquarium inhabitants.
Birds eating fish:
Eating fish poses a major threat to a bird, regardless of their habitat. The winged enemies of the river’s representatives are black-headed, dark green, cranes, osprey, and white-tailed eagles. These gourmet birds can destroy large quantities of fish. We learn more about them:
Blackhead (river/lake Jul) is a ubiquitous, indiscriminate bird of small size. Thanks to the membrane on the claw, seagulls swim well, and fishing from the surface of the reservoir is not difficult.
Gray swans and cranes are rather large animals that prefer only animal food. Fish make up to 80% of their diet, with the remaining 20% being frogs and rodents.
The Osprey River is the eagle. They are listed in the Red Book. An osprey is a bird that feeds fish and only it is! They hunt with claws clawing prey from the water. Scopa is the most dreadful enemy of the river’s inhabitants, regardless of species.
The white-tailed eagle, like the osprey, is listed in the Red Book. It is a large predatory bird that feeds on fish and small birds. The eagle-tailed tail menu also includes rabbits, ground squirrels, marmalade and other rodents. They do not despise and carrion
Winged sea hunter:
Fish living in the sea are also not insured from the food of birds. Their lives are actively attacked by winged lovers, gourmets, such as cormorants, albatross, petrels, seagulls. In the northern seas and oceans, penguins prey on fish
The cormorant is a large bird that not only eats topi, sardines, and herring, but also mollusks. These winged hunters have a transparent eyelid membrane in their eyes that, when submerged underwater, resembles their underwater glasses. serves as. Thanks to this structural feature, the submerged see their prey completely under the water column. The albatross has marine longevity. During its 30-year life, a person eats large amounts of fish, as well as crustaceans, squid, and mollusks. Albatrosses can travel up to 15 meters in-depth, and may also have an ultra-precise sense of smell.The petal is externally similar to a pigeon, but unlike the latter, it has a much larger shape and friable legs. The life cycle of these birds is 20–26 years. They have the same food as albatross and cormorant. In addition, petrels often accompany ships, eating food debris.
Gulls are the only birds that do not make natural enemies. Their main diet is mainly fish, as well as mollusks, insects, small birds, and their eggs, crayfish, carrion and wastes. These cunning people were bent on getting shellfish from the strongest shells, throwing them from a height
Penguins are gourmet birds. They will never eat bad or stale fish, such as gulls or petrels. Their diet should be exceptionally fresh-caught, including plankton, fish, krill, squid, and cephalopod mollusks. Edible penguins mined, diving to depths of 20 to 70 meters.