Spearfishing is a very common sport among athletes looking for exciting experiences with adrenaline rush included. It involves swimming in places where conditions are unpredictable, with many dives done in freediving and interspersed with many specialized and personalized fishing strategies. Many psychological but also physical skills are obviously required underwater fishing techniques.
In other sports, there is always a “playing field” where the characteristics are what they are but, in spearfishing, conditions vary greatly and, in addition, become unpredictable: Date, time, season, currents greatly influence marine, temperature, weather conditions, area, etc. And all of them are mixed in a mix where the one who practices spearfishing must manage with ease and ease.
As it can not be otherwise, each fishing technique has a specific type of fishing but what they have in common is that the good fisherman must have a high capacity to adapt to the different adversities that can be found and distinguish very well the techniques of spearfishing, where they can be modified and combined between them to function in the best way that the fisherman in question knows:
The most common spearfishing technique used by a beginner because it has no complications. A fish is located from the surface and, once a possible catch has been spotted, it is dropped by stealthily descending, avoiding flapping or releasing bubbles, until reaching the fish.
Harpoon length: From 110 to 120 cm.
Usual species: All kinds of species.
The technique is very effective in large dams and teachers. You have to go unnoticed and stay still at the bottom, waiting for a fish to come at a prudently close distance where it is much easier to target. This technique is of high physical capacity and is perfected over the years, with experience.
Harpoon length: 90 to 110 cm.
Common species: Dentex, Samas, bream, snapper, sea bass, services, anchovies, spits, and some large pelagics …
Lurking or India Fishing:
It differs from the previous spearfishing technique because in this one we will slowly and silently approach the fish, trying to blend in with the same background and the reliefs until we find the perfect distance to hit the target.
Harpoon length: 80 to 90 cm.
Common species: Dentex, Samas, snappers, bass, anchovies, spits, bream, salps, Corvinus.
Fishing to the hole:
The name implies … you have to look for fish in their dens in the form of cracks and caves. The spearfishing technique depends a lot on experience to know how to properly select the holes where we can find our prey more easily. It is interesting to know how to hinder the different escape routes of the fish, thus increasing the chances of success fishing.
Illuminations are also used to increase visibility in cavities.
Harpoon length: 50 to 75 cm.
Common species: Sargos, brótolas, groupers, chinas, conger eels, false haddock …
Foam or shallow fishing:
Glued to the coast, the coverage given by the foam of the waves is used to hide from the prey. They are always captured from bottom to top: First, we descend, keeping separated from the coast and, from there, we look for when the waves break. In that same place, there are fish looking for food.
This spearfishing technique is practiced in winter also because the climatic changes and cold waters in the deep sea make the fish rise to warmer waters.
Harpoon length: 50 to 90 cm.
Common species: Sea bass, sea bream, bream, salps, obladas, blacksmiths.
It is practiced at great depth, between 25 and 30 meters minimum, and that is where more experience and safety than normal is needed because they condition this type of spearfishing a lot. Fish is more confident in these conditions and, among many other disadvantages, is the limited number of dives that can be carried out due to waiting times to avoid decompression problems.
Harpoon length: Depends on technique.
Common species: Depends on technique.
Fishing in pairs:
It is more of a safety technique than a type of spearfishing. This sport involves many risks and, to minimize them, a person will monitor our descent and, in addition, stalking tactics, controlled dives or waiting with the partner can be planned to facilitate the capture of fish.
Harpoon length: Depends on the technique used by the 2 partners.
Most common species: Depends on technique. Best Fishing Backpack 2020 for know.